It is necessary to ensure that the activity envisaged by the company is authorized in the planned business premises.
The department has land use plans (the zoning plan, the localized neighborhood plans (PLQ) and the land use plans (PUS) in the city of Geneva) that determine precisely for which activities the different zones of the territory will be used.
In practice, this means that the possibility of locating the business in question in a certain area depends directly on the conformity of the activity to be carried out with the plans for the allocation of premises in the city. That is, it depends on the nature of the premises (an office, a store, an industry or a craft workshop) and its location in the city.
Below is a description of the possibilities for the establishment of specific commercial premises in the different zones of the city of Geneva:
In addition to this, companies operating in the vicinity of Geneva Airport are subject to limitations set out in the safety zone plans and by legislation on noise protection.
All of these plans can be viewed at the Department of Planning, Housing and Energy:
It is possible to find several industrial and artisanal departments on the territory of the canton of Geneva, the majority of which are managed by the Foundation for Industrial Land in Geneva (FTI):
A change of premises must be accompanied by a request for permission from the Department of Planning, Housing and Energy. In cases where the company’s activity is similar to the expected assignment, the Department generally accepts the company’s transfer. In the event that the activity is not suitable for the area of use, permission may hypothetically be granted by way of derogation, following a public inquiry, if the facts justify it and if it does not cause significant inconvenience to the surroundings.
Apart from these eventualities, land use plans can only be changed through a usually long and complicated procedure. It should also be noted that the law on demolitions, alterations and renovations of residential buildings prohibits the change of use of residential buildings.
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